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Men's Health

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is diagnosed mainly in men over the age of 50 years. Excluding some forms of skin cancer, Prostate Cancer is the most common type of cancer in Australian men. Prostate Cancer is a condition in which cells within the prostate grow and divide abnormally so that a tumour grows in the prostate.

Prostate Cancer cells can be very slow-growing and not cause any problems or symptoms, and may not become life-threatening. However, in other cases, the cancer cells can grow more rapidly and may spread to other parts of the body. It is not known why some cancers grow at different rates and, in particular, which cancers will spread to other parts of the body.

– Prostate Cancer is the most common form of cancer in men, excluding some types of skin cancer.
– Approximately 20,000 new cases diagnosed each year.
– Approximately 3,300 deaths recorded each year in Australia.
– One in 5 men in Australia will develop prostate cancer in their lifetime.

The E.J. Whitten Foundation was created to support Prostate Cancer Awareness and help save men’s lives.

About the Prostate

The prostate is a small gland about the size of a golf ball. It is found only in men. It sits just below the bladder and surrounds part of the urethra.  The prostate produces some of the fluid that makes up semen.The growth of the prostate depends on the male sex hormone, testosterone, which is made by the testes.

It is common for the prostate to get larger as men grow older. This is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This is not cancer even though the symptoms of BPH—such as poor urinary flow, needing to urinate often at night, and trouble starting to urinate—are quite common in older men. They do not usually have anything to do with cancer.

What is prostate disease?

Prostate disease is a very common health problem for men. Prostate disease is a term used to describe any medical problems involving the prostate gland. Not all prostate disease is cancer.

Typical prostate problems experienced by men include:

  • Prostatitis which is inflammation or swelling of the prostate gland.
  • Benign prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) which is a benign (non-cancerous) enlargement of the prostate gland. BPH is the most common form of prostate disease.

Aside from Prostate Cancer, inflammation and enlargement of the prostate are not generally life-threatening but can be very painful disorders that may affect the quality of life.

How many men are affected?

  • Prostate disease is a very common health condition for men.
  • Approximately 50% of Australian men may experience some type of prostate problem at some stage of their life.

If you would like more information visit:

The Andrology Australia site: www.andrologyaustralia.org
Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia: www.prostate.org.au

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